News and Articles
Read about upcoming exhibitions and see art demonstrations and art tutorials from Dupont Art Club.
Painting a Short Haired Black Dog
Caroline did a rough sketch in acrylic paint of the Labrador, then mixed colours rather than using black. She looked for colours which were picked up in the sheen from the surroundings, green and red to give it depth. Make it stand out rather than a boring photo. Blocked in all the dark areas first, mix of blue, yellow, red, then the mid shades and finally the details of the lighter colours which you can over lay with acrylic. The older and bristlier and uneven the brush the better, follow lines of the fur, lots of flicking strokes. Paint needs to be quite fluid so quite a bit of water. Details afterwards with a rigger brush and she did use true black to outline the nose, and only a little yellow in the white.
Pointalism in Watercolour
Pointillism describes a technique in which hundreds of small dots or dashes of pure colour are applied to the canvas in order to create maximum luminosity. Colour spots are blended into a range of tones. The dots of colour give a richer and more subtle effect then can be achieved by conventional techniques. George Seuart and Paul Signac were well known for using this technique. Check your colour wheel as using complimentary colours can intensify your colours. Caroline used cotton buds to add the dots to her painting blending with them. Viewing from a certain distance the dots of colour blend into a richer and more subtle effect.
Moody Landscapes with Acrylic
Caroline Marsland, Dupont instructor, started this painting using a fluid wash of acrylic with watercolour techniques, . Using these light washes gives luminosity to the sky which is painted with cobalt blue. You don’t get this affect with thick paint. Caroline added a yellow red mix with the blue on top for the sky, blending the colours. She then added the trees in pale grey over the luminous sky and darken the gray of the trees on the second layer trees to bring them forward. She dabbed down on her brush to add foliage. These sky reflections were painted in the pool and surrounding areas. She uses water to drip and blend these reflections. The snow was painted in white with a yellow and orange tinge in the water plus white with blue in other snowy areas, She tapped around the waters edge to give the snow texture. Trees were put in with a rigger, dragging the trunks shapes up, and the tops are added with tapping a brush to indicate foliage again. The small buildings are painted in with their snowy white roofs.
How to Draw Pastel in the Style of DEGAS
How to draw pastel portraits in the style of Degas Dupont Art Club instructor, Caroline Marsland used a reference photo of a young woman to demonstrate chalk pastel portrait using the linear layering technique used by Degas, who also influenced the work of Mary Cassatt. After a brief look at their paintings and an appreciation of the use of colour and mark making, we were shown how to apply hatched marks to give soft, lost edges and thus capture spontaneity and the moment. By building up layers of colour in the hatched marks, and often complementary colours side by side, the skin tones evolved from the lightest side through to the shadowed side of the face. None of the marks were blended but the optical effect produced lively and believable tones. The final stage is to use more detailed and finer marks for the features.
Using Warm and Cool Colours in your Landscape
WARM AND COOL COLOURS. A landscape in acrylic Caroline showed how she sets up her palette with warm and cool versions of green, red, yellow and blue plus white. She painted a simple seascape to show how the principle of cooler and paler colours in the distance and darker, warmer colours in the foreground works to create the impression of depth and perspective. There are many examples of artists who adopt this way of working, particularly the Pre-Raphaelites. In this demo the sky is in the coolest tones of blue and uses cool, pale yellows for the sun. Mixing cool reds and cool blues results in lilac for the sunset sky. The sea in the distance is achieved with desaturated and cooler colours, and then coming forward uses increasingly warmer colour tones in the mixes. The immediate foreground rocks are painted in the warmest colours by mixing subtle warm-toned browns and chromatic black. By using pops of warm colour, the focal areas have been highlighted. Once completed, Caroline reviewed the whole picture and unified the background, midground and foreground by using touches of the same colours. Finally she adjusted the tonal values to ensure that the background recedes with palest tones and stronger colours in the foreground.
Colour Mixing for Dark Skin
Dupont Art instructor Caroline gave a demonstration on mixing colors in order to obtain the right hue for dark skin. She stated that the actual color of the skin depends on the lighting in the room or the light outside. If looking at a photo, it also depends on the surrounding colors which reflect onto the skin. There are a number of ways of obtaining dark browns. Black, a cool, yellow and vermilion will give you a workable brown. You need remember the influence of warm and cool colors for mixing. Using yellow ocher gives a different brown to the skin tone. She stated that our other instructor Lucy, uses ultramarine blue and burnt sienna for excellent skin colors. The use 0f umber’s is common and mix with blue’s or reds or yellows can give you different browns. When mixing the scalp and hair as in the photo, she mixed a pale rose beige color followed by whisking darker colors onto it as seen in the photo below. The mixing is much easier with acrylics and oils. With watercolors, she never leaves the white exposed as white, but will lighten it with other light mixed colors before adding the above mixtures.
Painting with Ink and Bleach with a dash of Watercolor
Ink and Bleach with a dash of Watercolour Supplies; thick bleach, Quink black Ink, brushes, watercolour paper, watercolours. Containers for water, thick bleach and weak bleach( half bleach half water). Indian Ink doesn’t shift as much as quink ink You must think about health and safety using bleach so use latex gloves, safety glasses if needed to protect your eyes, and a mask. Caroline started out with painting the watercolour paper with the quink ink and letting it dry. Using the weak bleach mixture she slowly drew the shapes of the peaches. Going light will come later. Not all the ink will be eventually be removed and will leave a lovely texture. Some inks will leave a brown or blue color when bleached. Lots of different brush strokes gave a lovely texture. Finally she used the strong bleach to really lighten the paper. She went back and forth to with the strong and weak bleach making lines on the table. Lastly she added thin layers of red and orange watercolour to the fruit and the shadows. In addition, you can add fine lines with a pen, and use water and wipe do Enjoy this process and play!
Painting Flowers with Watercolour
Caroline started her Irus flower by wetting the area that was to be painted. The base colour is put in and when it was somewhat dry, she added colour and shadows with the tip of her brush. Once dry she can add in more details. If she wants this to bleed a little, she will paint a line along the edge with clear water. For stems. she added in the darker areas and sprayed it to let it drip. The forget knots were added at the end.
Graphic Design: Designing for Fabric
Graphic Design: Designing for Fabric. At our #dupontartclub Wednesday class, Caroline discussed the thought processes and construction of a design, and then demonstrated using graphic conkers, ivy and acorns imagery. The application for domestic fabric and wallpapers requires a repeatable design, various ideas of which were demonstrated and different example shown. The function of the designs requires thought as it will determine the style of image, the pattern, size and direction of the repetition, colour and tonal values amongst other considerations. Then the designer works on some ideas - producing thumbnail sketches and assessing them against these criteria - to then have the basis on which to work. In the discussion, Caroline showed various photos of existing graphic patterns, highlighting the popular styles of Laura Ashley and William Morris.
Capturing Texture in Driftwood using Watercolour
A demonstration on capturing texture in driftwood using watercolour Careful observation is key to the success of this still life. Dupont instructor, Caroline Marsland, laid down an underpainting of the lights and darks of the wood using the brush strokes vertically in the direction of the grain. Then using the tip of the brush to tap in lightly and wiggle to interpret the organic texture, marks and colours. Both wet in wet and wet onto dry techniques were used to allow the watercolour paint to move and blend softly, whilst following the direction of the grain as before. Some small patches were left unpainted at this stage. The next layer was painted when the underpainting was dry, to build up the texture and reinforcing the tonal values; mixing quite dark colours for the deep grooves and holes in the wood, and using a clean damp brush to lighten the palest areas. Surface texture was achieved by using the brush handle to lightly score the paper, which causes the paint to pool in the scratches. Finally, the holes and the side of the driftwood were worked on with more dark pigment to create a three dimensional quality. Any areas which had dried too light were also rectified. The demonstration was done using only one brush - a good quality squirrel hair number 12. This both holds plenty of paint, and retains a good pointed end for the smaller marks.
Painting like Cezanne
‘ Painting like Cezanne ‘Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work introduced new modes of representation and influenced avant garde artistic movements of the early 20th century’. Wikipedia Our instructor Caroline Marsland demonstrated and talked of the way Paul Cezanne painted. He looked for structure and forms in his paintings with the shapes and tonal values. He moved away from from browns and earth colours to working in saturated colours. He often would start with drawing the overall shape, often in a dark line and then laid each colour next to each one without blending. At times the paint was thick to add texture. With the highlights he would not use white as it looks flat so adding a little warm colour like pale yellow would warm it. More of Cézannes history is as follows. ‘While his early works are still influenced by Romanticism – such as the murals in the Jas de Bouffan country house – and Realism, Cézanne arrived at a new pictorial language through intensive examination of Impressionist forms of expression. He altered conventional approaches to perspective and broke established rules of academic art by emphasizing the underlying structure of objects in a composition and the formal qualities of art. Cézanne strived for a renewal of traditional design methods on the basis of the impressionistic colour space and colour modulation principles. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects. Both Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso are said to have remarked that Cézanne "is the father of us all". His painting provoked incomprehension and ridicule in contemporary art criticism. Until the late 1890s it was mainly fellow...
Caroline started the new year with a quick demonstration on drawing hands. Drawing hands start with drawing shapes composed of rectangles. . The palm is the largest rectangle . The fingers are made up of three rectangles built on each other. The end of the finger has a smaller pointed rectangle. The thumb is place on the side and it too is made up of three parts.. Move the finger shapes according to the model’s hand and make note of the knuckles which lay next to each other and are rounded.The tendons fan out from a central point to the fingers Depending on the shape of the hand, you will need to take into consideration of perspective which can shorten the shapes coming forward. Practice is very important in helping you to learn to draw hands accurately
TIMED SKETCHES (1 minute/5 minutes/15 minutes). Caroline used charcoal and pastel paper. Pastel paper gets the best from charcoal as it has more ‘tooth’ giving stronger tonal values. Why timed sketches? The time limitation makes you really look. Concentrate on the line. Look at shapes, the major shapes, and corresponding shadows. Time restriction limits being tentative. Bold strokes. Do not look at trying to make a representational drawing, in the time allowed, rather to create an impression. Example One: The 1-minute drawing will be rougher but more expressive. Longer drawing times allows more detail. NB: Not seeking to create the ‘perfect’ image. Example 2 Cross hatch with charcoal and darken background areas – this can be very expressive. Draw a vertical line and then create shape (two halves) to represent vase. To bring the object forward ‘colour’ the background black – this will make object stand out. Example 3 The 5-minute drawing allows thought about details, for example shadows under the cream of the cakes. Study the light and dark – isolate the lighter areas. Charcoal allows blending with fingers or rubber. Look for tonal values. Initially get shapes down first and then shadowing. There is a balance with getting more details recorded but avoiding ‘fiddling’. Try to keep the drawing ‘loose’ - remember not seeking perfection. Example 4 The 10-15 minute – keep in mind this remains an exercise in observation. Extra time allows for more study particularly seeking out the horizontal and vertical shapes. Use a pencil to measure what is higher, lower and distances. Once shapes established start blocking in tonal values. Think of the picture as a jigsaw where each shape reveals the whole. Charcoal drawings can be used to emphasis the mood rather than a representation alone.
Paint like Picasso
#Caroline showed Various works done by Picasso to show the different stages of his work. Initially Picasso was traditional in his portraiture.Eyes to direct to the viewer and skin colour was authentic. The second image shows he is starting to play with colour (NB the colour wheel was invented in 1850) Picasso would have studied colour theory.. He began to use the method of outlying in black to bring objects forward. The next image is of a girlfriend and shows him moving aspects of the face, playing, looking at angles and probably walking around her. He sought to make colours harmonious making the background ‘warmer’ which brings the chosen and principle colours forward. Picasso is now exploring shape and form. he begins to distort the image for effect and also produces images which have an emotional impact. The next two images of Picasso’s work are perhaps more playful or extreme in the sense they seeks to portray character or the painters view of the person being painted. The face is further distorted showing the person’s character or the painter’s reaction to the person. Caroline then found an image of a woman and cat and altered it to be a representation of how Picasso might have worked. The pallet of colours was -green, yellow ochre, red, blue and blue and purple to make black. Initially she painted the face white. She then concentrated on the nose, painting it red and made it into a representable shape.She simplified the shape, Blue for eyes (just one) and started to look to form patterns. She outlined the shapes with black, enclosing shapes. She also added details such in eyes and teeth. the aim was to be playful and reduce the image to a series of shapes. Picasso...
Tonal Values in Portraiture
The demonstration started with a spectrum from white to black - many variations Using pencils 7b and 8b Mars Lumugraph - Caroline found no shine but sticky Going from light to dark adds drama In portraiture tonal values offer impact especially around the eyes with paper left white (see example drawing) Examples: Monet and Caravaggio Also if drawing a street lamp a dot of light in centre of lamplight adds drama Always start faint and work towards dark This particularly the case when Hatching and round hatching can define contours of face or object (see example drawing) Look for shapes and where shadows lie Tonal values give drawing perspective In photo Caroline left white area down nose Changing direction of the hatching can give movement Squinting is good - as you can see white and darker areas more clearly appear in “blocks” The darker areas will make the white stand out Shadow can change expression and structure of face “Shadows never completed until tonal values established” There is always the danger of it looking “over worked” - but this is part of the learning experience Tonal values give the face 3 dimensional Work slowly from light to dark Rubbing out can smudge The aim in portraiture is to get the expression or the feel of the person Not aiming for a photo as such rather capturing the essence of the person In example the hair line draws the eye down the face Find the shape and structure of face by “measuring” distance with pencil
Drawing, The basic skill for good art.
Our first demonstration in 2022 was about drawing. This skill is essential to make good art. The more you look at an object the more you get to know it so it is very good to sketch first before proceeding with the finished piece. Draw what you see not what you think is there. Squinting will help you to do this. You should start drawing the main shape and ignore the details. Start in the middle of the object and work out. You start this by lightly sketching the shape with pencil. Once you are happy with the accuracy, darker lines can be applied. You can estimate the angles of your object using your pencil. By drawing a line down the middle of your drawing you can paste dots on the outer edges of the object . To ensure that it is vertical place the pencil along the edge of both sides of your paper to ensure that your drawing is vertical. Once you have your drawing underway look at the shapes in between your lines which are referred to as negative shapes. This can help with the accuracy. When you draw still life, draw the nearest object first and then follow with what is behind. Continue to draw in order to improve your drawing skills and enjoy. .Practice, practice, practice! Sketching from light to dark with center line. pencil strokes from light to dark
Geli Pad Workshop
On November 18th twelve Dupont members attended a Dupont Art Club workshop taught by Seana Mallen on Geli Pad Art. She introduced the supplies being used including two sizes of geli pads, acrylic paints, rollers, and many types of papers including old maps, music, and tissues. She also showed us how to make a concertina book for our work. We were told to bring various leaves and objects to make makes on the pads. The art was approached with enthusiasm and soon produced a variety of small pictures. A number of members were excited about following up this type of art printing and painting in the future. The deli pads are available at many art stores and I found that Lawrences Art in Hove had discounted many of their geli pads for those interested in following up with this delightful way of painting.
Watercolour Landscape Techniques
Watercolour Landscape Techniques Our instructor Caroline Marsland leads us through a demo every other Wednesday at the Dupont Art Club. This week she gave a demonstration on how to paint a loose, different landscape. Materials used: Watercolour paper, salt, clingfilm, candle Wax, scratching materials, various paintbrushes. She started our drawing out white areas with candle wax which blocked out the background. She proceeded to paint in the landscape background with watery watercolour which she covered in clingfilm. She crunched it up once laying it down on the wet watercolour. In other areas she painted in watercolour and added course and fine salt. These were all left to dry. Once dry, the cling film was removed along with brushing off the salt crystals. She splattered back into some areas and scratched back into others.These techniques have left the watercolour mottled. She painted detail back into smudged areas and added more darkened areas to bring out the lighter areas. Enjoy playing with ease techniques.
Dupont Video Workshops
You can see Art Tutorials on Dupont’s You Tube by Dupont Art Club's two excellent instructors, Lucy Parker and Caroline Marsland. This is an excellent way to keep your painting skills up. Please click on the link below and start painting. Dupont Video Workshops If you have any comments or would like advice, please contact the tutor Lucy Parker firstname.lastname@example.org Caroline Marsland email@example.com
Charcoal drawing by Caroline Marsden 11/03/20
Charcoal as a medium lends itself particularly well to moody urban landscapes. Caroline decided to draw this snowy street scene Using Windsor and Newton charcoal, which is a good quality with velvety texture, Caroline began by blocking in the shapes of the buildings. She then lightly rubbed over the charcoal to smooth it. She applied the charcoal across the road and then used a rubber to erase the tyre marks and show the snow. She went over the buildings to outline the edges and put in marks for the windows and the arches. It is important to keep your marks consistent as this will make the drawing harmonious. She determined that the vanishing point was at the meeting of the two sides of the road in the far distance. She then drew light diagonal lines out from the vanishing point to the edges of the paper to get the perspective right. The focal point of the drawing is the lamppost as it is the area of greatest contrast as it stands out against the bright sky. Caroline went on to use a thinner piece of charcoal for the details. She put in the snow on the bicycle , and on the signs by using the rubber. Remember it's easy to rub out and redraw any areas you're unhappy with until you get the desired result.
Still Life by Caroline Marsden
Start out by choosing your main object, then you can add interest by selecting additional objects which compliment this. It's probably best to have a theme, which can be anything - the possibilities are endless. You should use an odd number of objects as this is more appealing than an even number. Make sure you have variety in size and shape as well as colour. When arranging the objects try to ensure that you use the shapes to lead the eye into and around the image. A square format works well for still life, but depending on your subjects you can also use portrait or landscape. Good lighting is essential and it may help to position an Anglepoise lamp to get good shadows which create tonal value. This is the still life Caroline prepared She started by lightly drawing the main object in outline which was the large bottle, which she positioned slightly right of centre. Next she drew the small bottle outline, noting its size and shape relative to the first object. Continuing, she added the onion the orange and the bottle top, carefully checking where objects overlapped. The scissors were then drawn in very carefully, as the long point of the blade is used to lead the eye . When trying to place an object at an angle like this, it may help to hold your pencil horizontally up towards the object and tilt it to the required angle. Then place the pencil at this angle on the paper. Don't use an eraser if you are unhappy with the positioning, just redraw in the correct position next to it. The danger of using an eraser is that it is easy to redraw the same mistake once you've removed the original. Once all your outlines are in you can...
Painting or drawing upside down by Caroline Marsden
It is a good idea to try this as an exercise to change the way that you look at things. By working upside down you draw only the shapes you can see and not what you think should be there. Caroline started by using this photograph pinned upside down You can, if you prefer, simplify things by splitting the photograph into four to help you in positioning. Using a 7B pencil she first drew an ellipse ( representing the tabletop ). Using this shape to work from, she went on to put in the oblong shape underneath and the black square to the left of that. From there she entered the curves which take the eye down from both the square and the oblong to the bottom. She continued in this way, plotting in the main larger shapes. After all the main shapes were done she moved on to the more intricate parts. This is done by paying close attention to where things are positioned relative to the other main shapes already done. This really will hone your observational skills. Finally think about adding tonal value. Caroline used an 8B pencil to shade in the darkest areas first then the lighter areas using a variety of hatching and crosshatching. Only when she had finished did she turn the drawing the right way up. this was a very good representation of the original photograph
Brush strokes demo by Caroline Marsden
FLAT BRUSHES These can be used for a myriad of different effects. They are especially useful for painting buildings or any other subject which has straight edges, and are economical with the paint as often only one stroke is needed. A BRIGHT is a shorter and stiffer version of a FLAT which will give you bolder strokes. A flat brush is great for getting perspective and you can gently tap it to get a nice thin line as shown in the guttering and windowsills above. Don't throw away your old ones as these can be used effectively for texture , fur or feathers. A FILBERT is a flat brush with curved sides, great for giving a softer edge such as in clouds or petals. Caroline holds the brush at an angle to the paper and tries to touch the paper with only the paint, not pressing down too hard on the brush. A FAN BRUSH is a specialist brush for doing texture, fur and feathers. Bob Ross can be seen on YouTube demonstrating painting fir trees using this brush. A ROUND is the one of choice for Monet and is useful for short expressive strokes. If you use a large one it can hold a lot of paint and be a good choice. A FAT HOG is an enormous brush which holds a huge amount of paint and is very good for stencilling A RIGGER gets its name as it was first used for putting in the slender rigging of boats. This is best used with really thinned-down paint making sure the brush is well loaded and with a good point. You an also use this for hair and fur but it's best to use it for the finishing touches as it would be quite time consuming to draw...
A winter scene in watercolour using only Sienna and Ultra Marine 11/12/19
Caroline chose the two colours of sienna and ultramarine blue as they can be mixed in many different ways to give you both cool and warm colours. The group selected this photo for Caroline to use as her inspiration. When starting a watercolour it is best to work from light to dark. Looking at the picture, first determine where your lightest areas are. Caroline was using White Knight watercolours and a large round brush with a good point to it. She began using a dilute sienna for the sky and the reflection, and let this dry. She then mixed two shades of grey using both colours . She began to put in the tree line using the lighter colour. She used the brush in small upward strokes moving along the tree line. Then she drew up the water in a horizontal stroke to avoid a harsh line. She went on to add a darker line underneath for more tonal contrast. You may need to revisit the darker area as it will dry lighter. Once happy with the top part she went on to do the reflections carefully putting them in the correct position .Using a dry brush she put in some texture. She put in the darker trees using a rigger for the trunks and finally the darkest trees . She decided that the little island in the foreground would be the focal point, so she painted this in a warm tone using only sienna at first. She added some more sienna to the parts of the painting for cohesion. She put in the ray of light by swiping a tissue in a diagonal line which was very effective. Finally she put in a ghost wash to of ultra marine to add mood to the background.
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